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    Nature versus Artifacts Body: One-Leaf Hyperboloid Type, Pair-Map Microcosm and Nested Economics

    Masayuki Matsui

    Toward digital-era, there is more increasing the portion of artifacts on the earth, and is attainable to the global environment of nature versus artifacts bodies. At the paper, we first suppose One-leaf Hyperboloid and the typical cases:Social (or enterprise) and Physical bodies as the base of nature vs. artifacts bodies. Second, the traditional pair-map is here developed, is semi-finalized at a generalization including Nash’s zone, and its 3D-like body is visually embodied as the two illustrations. Third, for a fractal(nested) mother of pair-map and its Nash’s zone, the shared equilibrium problem of 3D-type is discussed on the Trickle-down effort vs. Modern money theory (up) at Mt. Fuji type in the economic society. Finally, it is remarked that the latter might be better than the former at income distribution.

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  • Article Education Environmental Sciences Psychology

    Effect of positive and negative ions in esports performance and arousal levels

    Goichi Hagiwara
    Takehiro Iwatsuki
    Hirokazu Funamori
    Masaru Matsumoto
    Yukihiro Kubo
    Seiji Takami
    Hiroaki Okano
    Daisuke Akiyama

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychological effects of arousal levels in esports players during a racing-game under positive and negative ion environments. Participants (10 male) who belonged to the collegiate esports team were recruited. The influences of positive and negative ions were evaluated in a randomized, crossover, and placebo-controlled double-blind design. Each participant completed two experiments within a 4-week interval. Two experimental environments were used: positive and negative ions filled up the atmosphere (PNI), and a control (CON) condition. For the performance task, a car-racing game was adopted. Arousal state was measured by the Two-Dimensional Mood Scale (TDMS) and an electroencephalogram (EEG). Results indicated that the EEG level was significantly higher in PNI than CON condition. Also, the PNI had a significantly higher performance on the gaming task than the CON condition. The present study demonstrated the beneficial effects of positive and negative ion environments on esports players.

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